Operational Situation Report USSR No. 153
The Chief of the Security Police and the SD Berlin,
57 th copy
Location: Riga and Krasnogvardeisk
Report on Polish Resistance movements in Byelorussia
The Catholic priests are the carriers of the Polish resistance movement in
western Byelorussia. In several cases one could establish that the leading
activists of the Polish resistance movement, among them also Roman Catholic
clergymen, have made contact with other enemies. There exists a close
relationship between the Communists, former NKVD agents, and the Catholic
priests, such as in Tushkiviche in the district of Gorodiche.
Even the Jews are not excluded from the fighting
community of the Polish resistance movement although, in general, they do
not enjoy much sympathy among the Polish population. They are considered as
comrades-in-arms on a common defense front and, in particular, as carriers
of a propaganda whisper campaign.
1) The operational areas of the Teilkommandos, particularly in smaller
villages, were made free of Jews. During the period covered by the report
3,176 Jews, 85 partisans, 12 looters, and 122 Communist officials were shot.
In all: 79, 276. In Simferopol, apart from Jews, the Krimchak and Gypsy
question was also solved. The population generally welcomed the elimination
of these elements.
The attitude towards German occupation continues to be positive. A larger
part of the population is afraid of a Russian return. 7,000 prisoners from
Feodosia on the march via Simferopol-Dznakoy, partly under guard, [made] no
attempt to go over to the Russians.
Food supplies already very difficult. Presently attempting to send parts of
the town population to the countryside. Tartars are in general positively
inclined towards the German occupying forces. They constantly offer active
help against partisans, setting up of independent armed units and actively
destroying the partisan [units].
Translations by Hermann Feuer
Copyright: H.E.A.R.T 2008