Operational Situation Report USSR No.
The Chief of the Security Police and the SD Berlin,
April 17, 1942
On April 7, 1942, in Olita, 22 people were shot
because of Communist activities and connections with partisan groups.
Russian hand-grenades and explosives were found on several of the Communists
and were then seized.
The same day, in Kaunas, 22 people, among them
14 Jews who had purportedly recently spread Communist propaganda, were shot.
Report concerning searches in Feodosia
Execution of the operation
For the first raid, 380 soldiers were made available to man street blocks
and carry out screening operations. Search units arrested 351 people and
brought them to headquarters via assembly points. Of these people, 64 were
able-bodied men fit for military duty. They were transferred to the
prisoner-of-war camp in Feodosia because they were loitering in the city
without work. Thirteen people, among them four women, were sent to prison.
The remainder were discharged on the same day.
Among the 13 arrested were:
four Jews, two of whom had forged passports (they allegedly forged them
themselves), three Jewesses, two of whom had forged passports (allegedly
forged by their husbands), 1 partisan, 1 member of the NKVD, 1 man who hid
partisans, 1 woman who hid and fed partisans, 1 member of the Communist
Party who refused to accept work, 1 man who, being a civilian and a
long-time fugitive, killed and plundered German soldiers at the time
Feodosia was occupied.
Later, all 13 people were executed. The man who had killed soldiers was
publicly hanged in the market place. During the raid, a large amount of
different German Army supplies were confiscated. At 18.30, the action was
For the second raid about 360 members of the German Army were placed at the
disposal [of the EG] by the troop commander. 447 people were arrested and
handed over to investigators to be thoroughly interrogated. 57 people, all
able-bodied men fit for military duty,
were sent to the prisoner-of-war camp because they were unemployed. Fifteen
people, among them five women, were sent to prison
for further special treatment.
All other people who were arrested were
discharged on the same day.
The 15 people comprised:
6 Jews, three of whom had passports forged by the NKVD, 3 Jewesses, 1 woman
who had looted German Army goods in large quantities, 1 1st lieutenant
of the Russian Army in civilian clothing (separated from his unit, but
presumably a partisan), 1 member of the NKVD, 1 19-year-old spy who had come
through the front lines with his orders and who had been sought for several
days, 1 member of the Communist Party who was formerly very active and now
refused to work.
After a thorough examination, all 15 were shot. During this raid, we were
also able to confiscate different German Army supplies that had been hoarded
or looted. At 17:00 hours the action which began at 8:00 hours was complete
The third raid also started at 8.00 hours.
Approximately 350 German soldiers were made available. In the course of this
action, 2.57 people were sent to the investigators. 23 of them who were
able-bodied and fit for military duty were transferred to the prisoner of
war camp since they were without work. 17 people were transferred to prison,
the rest were discharged on the same day.
Among these 17 people, there were:
3 Jews. 3 members of the NKVD, 8 Jewesses and children, 2 men who had
looted, 1 Politruk (in civilian clothing) separated from his unit. Later, 15
of these 17 people were executed and Two were discharged because the looting
could not be proved. Once again, various amounts of hoarded and looted goods
were seized. The raid was completed at 18.00 hours.
In the course of the fourth raid, for which 350 German soldiers were made
available, 54 people were turned over to the investigators. Eleven of them
were transferred to the prisoner-of-war camp because they were without work.
Seven people were sent to prison, 3 Jews, 3 Communists and people who
refused to accept work, 1 leading member of the NKVD.
After a thorough interrogation all seven people were later executed. In the
course of this action, which was completed at 13:00 hours
only a small amount of hoarded goods were seized.
Translations by Hermann Feuer
Copyright: H.E.A.R.T 2008